Toyota top car New 2012 2011 used 2011 2010 2009 2010 car 4x4 pickup suv 2008 2007 2006 2005 2004 2003 2002 2001 2000 1999 1998 Toyota Hilux exporter, dealer and importer to Tanzania and East Africa
After banning of imported stolen vehicles, Jim has emerged as Thailand's top car exporter and top 4x4 exporter to Tanzania and other East African countries as Kenya, Tanzania, Uganda and Malawi just as we are Thailand's top car exporter and top 4x4 exporter to Southern African countries. We are sending both used second-hand Toyota Hilux Tiger and nearly new and new Toyota Hilux Vigoto Tanzania, Kenya and the rest of East Africa. Please see their Images (Pics) at http://thailand-dealer.com/pics.html.
Please note that Jim is Thailand's largest, Singapore's, United Kingdom UK's and Dubai's largest exporter to Africa. People may find it daunting to export to Tanzania but not with Soni. We can get vehicle ready quickly and put it onboard a ship heading to Dar es Salaam today. Every Monday, Tuesday and Wednesday we are busy loading up our customers vehicles onboard the ships heading their way. Email us now at firstname.lastname@example.org and discover the Jim difference. Jim is family-owned and family-operated since 1911 and is known for its superior integrity, great customer service, great prices, great selection, great quality and great speed of delivery.
We have recently created a homepage in Swahili and would love our customers' kind feedback as to its accuracy.
Importing New and Used cars into Tanzania
- These regulations may be subject to change without prior notice from time to time
- In some countries imported car will be confiscated at port if it does not meet import regulations
- So please confirm with your Customs, etc. for the latest info.
There is no age limit in importation of used vehicles into Tanzania. However all vehicles must undergo roadworthiness’ inspection before shipping. A certificate to that effect must be issued. In absence of a Roadworthy Certificate (RWC) an importer into Tanzania or Kenya will be required to pay 30% penalty of the CIF value.
In case of Japan, Japan Automobile Appraisal Institute (JAAI) does this. This is a non-profit foundation under the supervision of The Japan Ministry of International Trade and Industry.
- Import Declaration Form (IDF) is applicable on all imports to Tanzania irrespective of value. However, imports whose FOB (Freight on Board) value is US $5,000 and above must undergo a pre-shipment inspection by a company contracted by the Government of Tanzania. In case of Japan, this is executed by Cotecna Inspections.
Tanzanian, Kenyan and Malawian customers prefer used Toyota Hilux Tiger and Toyota Hilux Vigo over brand new Toyota Hilux Vigo. Whether your preference is 2001, 2002, 2003, 2004, Toyota Hilux 5L, Toyota Hilux EFI, Toyota Hilux Tiger, Toyota Hilux D-4D or 2004, 2005, 2006, 2007 0r 2008 Toyota Hilux Vigo we have the highest quality pickup or SUV ready to be shipped to either Dar-es-Salaam or Mombasa.
If your preference is Toyota Fortuner SUV, we have a broad selection of Fortuner vehicles. Toyota Fortuner is a versatile SUV which has the same pedigree as Toyota Prado and Toyota Landcruiser but is much cheaper.
Whether your choice is Dar-es-Salaam port or Mombasa port, please note that our rates to either of these ports are the cheapest when compared to other vendors. Since 80% of all cars exported out of Thailand are shipped by us we have a lot of clout with shipping companies and this results in reduced costs for our custmers. Since our cars are priced the lowest customers get huge overall savings.
Taxation of imported vehicles in Tanzania is classified as follows:
All vehicles of engine capacity up to 2000cc:
Import duty 25%
Cumulatively this is 50% of dutiable value.
All vehicles of engine capacity above 2000 cc:
Import duty 25%
Excise duty 10%
Cumulatively this is 65% of dutiable value.
Buses, lorries, pick ups, passenger vans (Commercial units):
Import duty 15%
Cumulatively this is 32% of dutiable value.
Import Declaration Fees (IDF) is 1.2% of FOB value + US$ 10 per unit.
Various charges levied at Dar-es-Salaam Port:
- Wharfage: This is charged at 1.6% of CIF value+20%VAT
- Handling: This is charged on the volume (cubic meters) x US$5 + VAT
- Removal fees: This is charged on the volume x US$1+ VAT
Extra charges on vehicles older than 10 years
New Import regulation were introduced in July, 2006 that mandate that a vehicle older than 10 years will be subject to the penalty of extra 20% excise duty.
On 13th November 2003, COTECNA Inspection S.A. was awarded a contract by the Tanzania Revenue Authority (TRA) to implement a DESTINATION INSPECTION SCHEME (DIS) in replacement of the PRESHIPMENT INSPECTION SCHEME (PSI) formerly in place.
This contract, effective from 1st January 2004, was for a seven (7) years period, but Tanzania officially abandoned Pre-shipment Inspections on 1st July 2004.
Guideline to Suppliers
Importing of goods into Tanzania. There are formal governmental procedures to be taken into consideration. The following document will describe the procedures that have to be passed and it will also state what is required from you at the different stages. Unless the following guidelines are cautiously and timely followed up there will most certainly be delays in shipment of goods which will consequently result to late clearance and delivery of the goods to the final customer. The supplier can be held responsible for any additional costs incurred on shipment due non-compliance of the import procedures.
1. Import Declaration Form (IDF)
All imports to Tanzania require an IDF. When the importer in Tanzania applies for an IDF, the information to be filled out on the application is to be provided by the supplier together with a Proforma Invoice. Following information is required on the Proforma Invoice to facilitate accurate application of IDF.
Required from the supplier
- Specification and a clear description of the quantity and quality of the goods
- Free On Board (FOB) Value
- Freight Value (if applicable)
- Customs Harmonised Commodity Code
- Currency of the payment
- Mode of Transportation
- Goods Country of Origin
- The Proforma invoice number and final invoice number must read same.
2. Introduction to Destination Inspection (DI)
The Tanzania Revenue Authority has mandated that effective July 1st, 2004 all imports into Tanzania will be subject to Destination Inspection by TANZANIA INSPECTION SERVICE CO. (TISCAN). This is a Tanzanian registered company and a member of the COTECNA S.A GROUP.
3. Objectives of DI in Tanzania
The key objectives of PSI in Tanzania are as follows
- To verify the quality and quantity of imports
- To assist Customs with the collection of the correct amounts of duties and taxes
- To provide Customs with an independent opinion of the Dutiable Value for Customs purposes
- To verify the accuracy of tariff codes classifications
- Computation of the correct duties and taxes payable
- To provide the Government of Tanzania with reliable and up-to-date statistics related to Trade and Customs revenues
4. Imports subject to DI
All imports to Tanzania irrespective of value
5. Imports exempted from DI
- Commercial samples and goods returning after repair
- Supplies to Diplomatic Missions or International Organizations · Transit Goods
- Parcel post goods or express couriers not exceeding USD 5,000 in value
- Emergency supplies airlifted as may be approved by the Tanzania Revenue Authority
6. Preparation for DI
As soon as an importer has arranged to import goods and has entered into a contract with an overseas supplier, he should apply to his Commercial Bank for an Import Declaration Form (IDF).
The importer must present a Proforma Invoice for the goods to be imported and will be obliged to pay a Destination Inspection Processing Fees of 1.2% of the FOB value to his Commercial Bank.
The Bank will then transfer the IDF and Proforma Invoice to Importer and TISCAN in Dar-es-Salaam, usually within the same working day. Importers and agents have to ensure that an IDF with all relevant Documents reach the Inspection Company at least 10 working days prior to arrival of the goods.
7. Risk Profiling
With each import, associated risk is identified through risk profiling. · Low risk (Green Channel) – Goods may be released without physical inspection · Medium risk (Yellow Channel) – Full Container Load (FCL) consignments will be subject to x-ray scanning · High risk (Red Channel) – Goods shall be subject to physical inspection by Tanzania Revenue Authority (TRA) to determine compliance
8. The DI Process
- Once TISCAN receives the IDF and Pro forma Invoice from the Bank, a preliminary review of the documents is carried out and the details entered into TISCAN computer system. TISCAN will electronically transmit the IDF data to affiliate in country of export for documentary data verification.
- Upon receipt of original documentation from suppliers, TISCAN shall prepare an Internal Findings Report (IFR)
- Upon receiving the IFR and there is no discrepancy in the importer’s declaration, TISCAN issues a Preliminary Classification and Valuation Report (PCVR) and Declared Classification and Valuation Report (DCVR). The PCVR / DCVR provides TISCAN’s opinions on values, classification and level of Intervention / Inspection determined by the CRMS.
- If importer accepts PCVR, he signs it and applies for a Single Bill of Entry (SBE). Documents to be submitted together with the application include PCVR, IDF copy, Original Shipping documents e.g. Commercial Invoice and Ocean Bill of Lading together with original duty/taxes exemption documents (if applicable).
- Once SBE has been issued and accepted into the Customs Sytems, no additional declaration or access is permissible. In event the importer rejects contents of the PCVR, he may put it in writing to TISCAN giving reasons for not accepting the declared information. In accordance with importer’s right to appeal, the importer can prepare own SBE under protest and attach to this the original SBE issued by TISCAN. This is then lodged with Customs to determine the finality in accordance with the law.
- TISCAN will then issue a Final Classification and Valuation Report (FCVR) together with the SBE.
- Once SBE has been issued the importer or his agent will pay applicable duties and taxes to the designated Bank. The importer/agent submits the certified original of the SBE, Pay-in Slip and IDF together with supporting documents to Customs for goods clearance.
- The importer requests for Inspection at the port once Customs Long room process has been completed. This is done either physically, documentary check and/or by x-ray scan for all loaded containers.
- If scanning results conform to declaration, release is issued immediately. Any discrepancies e.g. undeclared goods noted, the container is directed to a re-check area for physical examination. Any undeclared goods are seized and subject to forfeiture with penalties imposed according to Customs Laws. Such action could also lead to possible prosecution.
9. Shipping Documents
Air freight – Original AWB, Supplier’s invoice(s) and Packing list(s) to accompany shipment.
Seafreight – Original OB/L, Supplier’s invoce(s) and Packing list(s) to be couriered to importer or his C&F Agent immediately after shipment of goods.
10. Tanzania – DI Process
- Purchases an IDF at relevant bank (USD.10)
- Submits completed IDF to the bank ( pay 1.2% of the FOB value on Tanzania Revenue Authority account) along with a legible and complete Proforma invoice (PFI)
TANZANIA INSPECTION SERVICE CO. (TISCAN)
- Registers the IDF previously received from the bank and electronically transmits data to affiliate in country of export for documentary data verification.
- Submits original commercial invoice and packing list to TISCAN
- Prepares Internal Findings Report (IFR) and issues
- Preliminary Classification and Valuation Report (PCVR)
- Declared Classification and Valuation Report (DCVR)
- PCVR and applies for Single Bill of Entry (SBE)
- Issues a Final Classification and Valuation Report (FCVR) together with SBE
- Pays to the bank the duties and taxes as indicated in the SBE.
- Lodge request for Inspection
- If scanning results conform with declaration, goods are released
- Any discrepancies, container is directed to re-check area for physical examination
- Any undeclared goods found are seized, forfeited and penalties imposed to importer
- Any excess goods found, full duties and taxes are payable.
The Common Market for East and Southern Africa
The Common Market for East and Southern Africa (COMESA) has been operating, in one form or another, since 1981. COMESA aims to promote economic integration via the removal of barriers to trade and investment among COMESA member states. Moreover, COMESA aims to advocate for infrastructure development, and development in science and technology. Economic integration is envisaged to progress from the Free Trade Area (FTA) to an economic monetary union. The FTA became operational on 1st November 2000 with nine participating countries initially. The nine member countries that are implementing zero tariffs are Egypt, Sudan, Djibouti, Malawi, Madagascar, Mauritius, Zambia and Zimbabwe. However in January 2004, Burundi and Rwanda joined the FTA, bringing the total number of participating countries to eleven.
The COMESA FTA is an agreement among members not to apply customs duties or charges on goods traded amongst themselves. The eligible goods for duty-free treatment must meet the agreed upon Rules of Origin. Members also agree to eliminate all non-tariff barriers to trade between them.
A COMSEA Certificate of Origin is required for each consignment of goods and is obtained from the Revenue Authority in respective member countries.
The Southern Africa Development Community
The Southern Africa Development Community (SADC) aims to promote regional integration and sustainable development in the regional community.
Members of the Southern African Development Community (SADC), comprising 14 countries, signed a Trade Protocol, which calls for the implementation of a Free Trade Area. Each country has negotiated two reduced tariff schedules. One schedule is applicable only for South Africa, and another schedule for all other SADC members. Zambia's implementation of her offer, effective 30th April 2001, is provided to those countries that provide Zambia with the SADC reduced tariff schedule.
The reduction of tariffs to South Africa provide for delayed liberalization, while the schedule to other members provide for broader and faster access to the South Africa market. The tariff schedule applicable to SADC members, with the exception of South Africa, has three categories. Category A products are those products which go to zero-duty immediately upon implementation. The tariff for Category B products gradually goes down to zero-duty over a period of eight years, and the tariff of Category C products reaches zero-duty twelve years after implementation. Category C products are known as sensitive products, and include for Zambia meat and dairy products, tea, some flours, raw sugar, cement, textiles and clothing, and motor vehicles.
Plans are currently underway to establish a Free Trade Agreement by 2008, and a SADC Customs Union by 2010.
A SADC Certificate of Origin is required for each consignment of goods and is obtained from the Revenue Authority.
Dar es Salaam
Dar es Salaam port is the Tanzania principal port with a rated capacity of 4.1 million (dwt) dry cargo and 6.0 million (dwt) bulk liquid cargo. The Port has a total quay length of about 2,000 metres with eleven deep-water berths. Dar es Salaam port handles about 95% of the Tanzania international trade. The port serves the landlocked countries of Malawi, Zambia, Democratic Republic of Congo, Burundi, Rwanda and Uganda.
The port is strategically placed to serve as a convenient freight linkage not only to and from East and Central Africa countries but also to middle and Far East, Europe, Australia and America. The port of Dar es Salaam has the following marine crafts:
• Six (6) Berthing Tugs
• Sixteen (16) Lighter Towing Tugs
• Four (4) Lighters
• Two (2) Labour Launches
• Two (2) Pilot Boats
• Two (2) Patrol Boats
• Thirteen (13) Mooring Boats
• Storage: Eleven main quay transit sheds, total area 300,000m2; two transit sheds at the back of the port totalling 17,000m2; passenger sheds, baggage halls, customs warehouse and transit depots etc. Stacking grounds of 93,000m2 at the main port and 20,539m2 at Ubungo. Fully automated silos are operational at the grain terminal. Three bagging plants of approximately 90 tonnes per hour in 50kg bags. Temperature controlled silos have a capacity of 30,000 tonnes.
• Tanker terminals: Kurasini Oil Jetty, a 'T' shaped jetty, starbaord side 9.5m depth for vessels up to 175m in length and up to 183m length for vessels with operational bow thruster. Single bouy mooring for vessels up to 120,000 deadweight tonnage, maximum depth 17m.
• Container and Ro/Ro facilities: Container terminal at Berth numbers 9-11, total berth length of 560m. Equipment includes two container gantry cranes. Container yard area of 5.2 hectares and there is a container freight station with covered area of 3000m. Inland container depot at Ubungo. Ro/Ro vessels can be moored stern to quay between Berths 6 - 7.
• Cranes: Two gantry ship to shore cranes, one rail mounted gantry crane and five rubber tyred gantry cranes. Sixty other cranes of 4-30 tonnes. Sixty nine tractors and 115 trailers, each capable of carrying 40' containers, 157 forklift trucks.
• Ship repairs: Small 100 tonne cap slipway, depth 1.83m low water ordinary spring tide.
• Working hours: 24 hours in three shifts, except Sundays when there are two shifts.
• Towage: Eight lighter-towing and six berthing tugs available.
• Airport: International Airport 13km from port.
Thailand's largest, Singapore's, United Kingdom UK's and Dubai's largest new car exporter and Thailand's largest, Singapore's, United Kingdom UK's and Dubai's largest used car exporter
No matter where you are Antiqua St. John's, Jamaica, Kingston, Kingstown, East Africa, Kampala, Uganda, Sohthern Sudan, Kenya, Mombasa, Papua New Guinea, Lae, Port Moresby, Solomon Islands, Honiara, Central Africa, Lesotho, Maputo, Malawi, Lusaka, Zambia, Zimbabwe, Botswana, South Africa, Durban, Tanzania, Dar es Salaam, Zanzibar, Congo RDC, Burundi, South Sudan, U.K, Kiribati, Tarawa, Jim is Thailand's and Dubai's top new car exporter, used car exporter, new auto exporter, used car exporter, top new 4x4 exporter, top used 4x4 exporter and 4x4 importer.
Thailand's top new and used RHD LHD Car dealer and exporter to Southern, Eastern, Central, Western and Northern Africa and the world
We are not Thailand's top car exporter to Africa and the world because we are the oldest but because of our unwavering commitment to customer service, honesty, integrity, professionalism, great prices, great selection, great quality and quick delivery. Jim is a family-owned and family-operated dealership and we have been in business since 1911. Email us now at email@example.com to obtain your vehicle of your choice. Take a look at our selection of 4x4 vehicles to take your pick.
Botswana, Lesotho, Namibia, South Africa,
Swaziland, Angola, Mozambique, Madagascar,
Zimbabwe, Comoros, Mauritius, Seychelles,
|Eastern Africa||Tanzania, Kenya, Uganda, Malawi,
Zambia, Burundi, Rwanda, Djibouti,
Eritrea, Ethiopia, Sudan
|Central Africa||The Central African Republic, Chad,
Democratic Republic of the Congo - Zaire,
Republic of Congo
|Western Africa||Benin, Burkina Faso, Ivory Coast, Cape Verde,
The Gambia, Ghana, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Liberia, Mali, Mauritania, Niger,
Nigeria, Senegal, Sierra Leone, Togo
|Northern Africa||Algeria, Egypt, Libya, Morocco, Tunisia|
We are Thailand's top car exporter to Asia, Thailand's top car exporter to Europe, Thailand's top car exporter to the Americas, Thailand's top car exporter to Africa and Thailand's top car exporter to the Pacific. No matter where in the world you are and whether your requirement is Right Hand Drive car or 4x4 or Left Hand Drive car or 4x4, Jim Autos Thailand, its used car division Jim 4x4 Thailand and its Dubai division Jim Autos Dubai are ready to serve all your automotive needs. In our 100 years proud history we have exported to over 100 countries in the world and continue to add new customers while not forgetting old customers and old countries. We have an 80% repeat and referral business rate, a testament to our superior customer service, honesty, great quality, great selection, great pricing and great speed of delivery. Thailand's top car dealer, Thailand top car exporter and Thailand's top 4x4 exporter is ready to serve you from either its Thailand or Dubai offices.
Exporting from Asia can be tricky as auto exporters and car exporters are dime a dozen. The stereotype of used car salesman is universal and based on some truth. With the advent of Internet the crooks have come out of the woodworks to separate the innocent from their money, Thailand, Singapore, Dubai and United Kingdom are no exception. Caveat emptor - buyer beware - maxim has been heeded by businessmen since the time of the Ancients but it is most relevant when all it takes is a DSL modem, a nerdy kit with some HTML skills to put together a website, some Images (Pics) taken at your competitor's lots and you are in business. We have seen a parade of newbie auto exporters come in, offer great deals for a year or so perpetrating an elaborate Ponzi scheme and then disappear with millions of dollars of their customers very hard earned money. Will you trust a company that has been in business for 1 year or one that has been in business for 100 years and is well respected not only all over Asia but also beyond Asian boundaries. If someone offers you a deal that sounds too good to be true, it probably is. Not all new entrants are crooks but there are some who in their quest for the fast buck wants to cut corners at the expense of the customer. When you work with Jim you have the peace of mind to know that we have been voted Thailand's most trusted dealership and Thailand's most trusted auto exporter five years in a row and it is for this reason that we have over 80% of the auto exporting market share in Thailand and dominate car, pickup, SUV, minivan, truck, bus and machinery exports from Singapore, Dubai and United Kingdom.
Thailand's top New 2012 2011 used 2011 2010 2009 Toyota Vigo and used Toyota Hilux Vigo dealer and exporter
Jim Autos Thailand is Thailand's largest, Singapore's, United Kingdom UK's and Dubai's largest auto exporter: we are Thailand's largest, Singapore's, United Kingdom UK's and Dubai's largest Toyota Hilux Vigo exporter and export all types of vehicles from cars to sedans to pickups to SUVs to 4x2s and 4x4s to Trinidad and other parts of the Caribbean. Toyota Hilux Vigo is our largest pickup export in T&T followed by Mitsubishi L200 Triton, Nissan Navara, Chevy Colorado, Ford Ranger, Isuzu DMax, Mazda BT50 among others. Our top SUV export to Trinidad is Toyota Fortuner followed by Isuzu MU-7. We ship to over 100 countries in the world. Email us now at firstname.lastname@example.org for your Vigo of choice. If you are looking for Toyota Landcruiser, Toyota Prado, Toyota Hilux Surf, Mitsubishi Pajero and other pickups and SUVs from our Dubai office in Right Hand Drive or Left Hand Drive please email our Dubai office at email@example.com now..
Pickups are among world's popular 4x4 vehicles and Jim Autos Thailand is Thailand's largest, Singapore's, United Kingdom UK's and Dubai's largest and oldest pickup and SUV exporter.
Toyota Hilux Vigo remains our best selling and top selling 4x4 pickup. If you are looking for Toyota Hilux Vigo 4x2 or 4x4 or single cab Toyota Hilux Vigo, extra cab Toyota Hilux Vigoand double cab Toyota Hilux Vigo, Jim Autos Thailand is the place.
Deal only with Trustworthy companies
Jim Autos Thailand is a fully owned division of the Jim Group of Companies. We are Thailand's oldest and largest auto exporter and we are only one of the three auto exporting companies with prior automotive experience. We have been in the business for the past 100 years with a 80% repeat and referral business thanks to our expertise, honesty, high quality, low price and quick delivery among others. Please check what some of customers have to say about us in our Testimonials page and top twenty reasons our customers have cited for doing business with us.
Whether you are looking for a diesel pickup or sports utility vehicle or a luxury car, sports car, minivan, truck, bus or machinery then Jim Autos Thailand, Jim Autos Dubai, Singapore Motors Jim and Jim Autos United Kingdom are the dealers and exporters of choice of thousands of dealers in Asia, Africa, Europe, Pacific and the Americas. We provide top quality 4WD and 2WD pickups and 4x4 and 4x2 pickups and SUVs direct from the manufacturer Toyota, Mitsubishi, Nissan.
We were the first to export Toyota Hilux Tiger out of Thailand as we were Thailand's first auto exporter. We were also Thailand first auto exporter to export Toyota Hilux Vigo out of Thailand. Our Toyota Vigo prices can not be beaten! No one can beat our Toyota Hilux Tiger pricing, or our Mitsubishi L200 Triton, or Mitsubishi L200 Strada, Nissan Navara pricing. Our prices for all pickups and SUVs are the cheapest. We have Toyota Vigo 4WD double-cabs in stock as well as all other top selling pickups and SUVs and available for immediate shipping anywhere in the world. Our Singapore, United Kingdom and Dubai branches and New Zealand and Australia offices can supply you full range of new and used Right Hand Drive and Left Hand Drive sedans, luxury cars, minivans, pickup trucks, SUVs, commercial trucks, buses and machinery.
It is our great pleasure to welcome you to Thailand's, Australia's, United Kingdom's, Singapore's and Dubai's top dealer and exporter of Toyota Vigo Hilux, Toyota Fortuner, Mitsubishi L200 Triton, Mitsubishi Pajero Sport, Nissan Navara, Ford Ranger, Isuzu Dmax and other 4x4 pickup trucks, SUVs, cars, vans, buses, trucks and machinery. According to Statcounter, you are the -th visitor to our site since the beginning of this year.
Our Australia, United Kingdom and Dubai Divisions Jim Autos Australia, UK and Dubai offers all kinds of new and used vehicles from Australia, United Kingdom, Dubai and United States ranging from sedans, small cars, family cars, estate cars station wagons, cabriolets convertibles, executive cars, 4x4 pickups, 4x4 SUVs, coupes, Multi-purpose vehicles (MPVs), vans, trucks to construction and farm machinery from Toyota, Honda, Nissan, Mitsubishi, Lexus, Mazda, Isuzu, Infiniti, Audi, Mercedes Benz, VolksWagen, BMW, Porsche, Alfa Romeo, Fiat, Ferrari, Lamborghini, Maserati, Iveco Trucks, Land Rover, Jaguar, Mini, Aston Martin, Bentley, Lotus, Vauxhall, Rolls Royce, Citroen, Renault Cars, Bugatti, Peugeot, Renault Trucks, Chrysler, Jeep, Ford, Chevrolet, Saab, Volvo, Scania Trucks, Volvo Trucks, DAF Trucks, Hyundai, Ssang Yong, Kia, Seat and Skoda